The Santa Cruz that rises in Albox appears in the mid-eighteenth century as a symbol of the Christian presence that had reconquered the territories occupied by the Mohammedans. From that transcendental moment, the image of this cross has decorated the highest hill of these places and regions.
Located on the top of Mount Roel in the Sierra de las Estancias and built in the 18th century, it is the most important architectural jewel with which Albox has, also declared the historical-artistic monument. The whole of the Sanctuary is of a beauty and unquestionable sensibility combining elements of rural handicraft (the stone tufa) and ecclesial architecture reigning in Granada. The Sanctuary lodges among its thick walls the spiritual patron of the town, the Virgin of the Salient, small in size but large in Marian devotion, spread throughout the Spanish Southwest. The royal building, a mode of mystical city of God, integrates between its walls hermitage, episcopal palace and seminary of missionaries; It was constructed from 1769 by order of the bishop Claudio Sanz and Towers (1761-1779). The ensemble was conventual: it gathers in a rectangle the hermitage, the cloister, with aljibe and 18 arches ascarzanos on pillars, more dependencies anejas, and the sector dedicated to the services, directed the works of the architect Vicente Sanchez.
It was built by the Muslims and is currently in a state of ruin. It is a free visit. It was declared an Asset of Cultural Interest with the category of Monument. Under the protection of the generic Declaration of the Decree of April 22, 1949, and Law 16/1985 on the Spanish Historical Heritage. In 1993 the Junta de Andalucía granted special recognition to the castles of the Autonomous Community of Andalusia.
Los Puntas Pottery-Museum Located on Calle San Leonardo, with Arab ovens with 300 years of history, it is named by the Ministry of Tourism as “Andalusian Artisanal Point of Interest”. Antonio Alfonso Fernández with his brother Juan Alfonso Fernández, potters, with a whole life dedicated to the elaboration and diffusion of the Almeria pottery in his workshop called “Los Puntas”, have managed to keep alive the whole process of traditional pottery, working in the lathe located at a lower level than the floor, a unique feature of the Albox pottery, and cooking in an Arab oven dating from the 18th century, declared a Historic Artistic Heritage. In 1975 the two were awarded the “Master Craftsman” certification, granted by the Trade Union Craft Organization, and on January 17, 2012, the Ministry of Tourism, Trade and Sport of the Andalusian Government granted them the Letter of Master Craftsman Their excellent works have made them achieve different prizes at a national level. Representative pieces of this workshop are found in numerous museums around the world, such as the National Oleary Pottery Museum (La Coruña), the Chinchilla Popular Pottery Museum (Albacete), the Museum of Culture of Havana (Cuba) or the Ethnographic Museum of Hamburg […]
Monument to the Arriero is a work of the sculptor María Isabel García Oller in white marble from Macael, it represents the commercial and artisan past of the town. This sculpture, 5 meters long by 2 wide, presides over the Plaza Nueva of the municipality and pays homage to the work and figure of the muleteers as one of the fundamental elements of the economic development of Albox. The intention with this sculpture is to remember the people who in the past worked transporting various merchandise in carts, which were loaded mainly on the backs of donkeys or mules. The Albojense muleteer walked on foot in the middle of the mules, since one of his duties was to make sure that the animals complied with the marked route. For many years, the muleteers were fundamental in the local economy; a profession that required them to lead a totally nomadic or itinerant life.
The sacred architecture of Albojense is dominated by notable examples such as the Hermitage of San Antonio, which is located in the neighborhood of the same name (Barrio de San Antonio or Barrio Alto de Albox) and its construction on the site of a supposed and ancient Arab mosque (-and conserving in its interior some symbolic paintings of popular type-).
The Parochial Temple of Santa María, that in the S. XVIII was under the invocation of the Virgin of the Rosary, was constructed between 1718 and 1728 under the direction of the Masters Juan Lopez de Robles and Alfonso Gutiérrez, with plant of Latin cross; It is covered with vaults and slender cannon dome at the intersection of the cruise. The decoration of baroque stuccoes stands out above all in pendentives, dome and keys. During the second half of the 18th century, several private chapels were added, which considerably enlarged the temple floor and probably its main façade was worked on, in which the manor coat of arms was displaced and mutilated. From that time some of the baroque altarpieces that adorned the altars of its chapels are preserved.
Tower of Muslim origin built in the thirteenth century, square base tower of which three of its four faces remain standing. It was declared an Asset of Cultural Interest with the category of Monument (code: 40060002). Under the protection of the generic Declaration of the Decree of April 22, 1949, and Law 16/1985 on the Spanish Historical Heritage.
Walking through the Marble Region The Guadix-Almendricos line (Granada-Murcia) was built to give quick access to the mineral that housed the area. Its explotation began between 1906 and 1907 by several companies with English capital, until at the end of the last century it passed into the hands of the Spanish capital. Disused since 1985, now it will become an itinerary of great accessibility and safety for all types of users, with no age limit or physical capacity. The Almanzora Greenway runs along part of the disused Guadix-Almendricos railway line, in the section that runs between the provincial limit of Granada-Almería and the municipal district of Huércal-Overa. The final length of this section of Vía Verde del Almanzora will be approximately 35 km. The municipalities of Serón, Fines, Cantoria and Olula del Río have carried out refurbishment projects in the sections of this same line that runs through their municipal boundaries. In this way, it is intended to complete a large greenway in the Almanzora valley, with the idea of creating a road suitable for cycling and walking, suitable for all types of users, including those with reduced mobility. The stretch of ends is an urban route, which highlights the […]
Fines has the largest marble sculpture in the world built in one piece, which pays homage to women victims of gender violence and is called Freedom. The perfection of this work does not leave anyone indifferent, with a symbolism that already imagined the sculptor, painter and designer of this sculpture, Andrés García Ibáñez who shared the talent of Manzano in this carving as an executing arm. Andrés García Ibáñez, defines this work of Laica with a lot of sacredness; a figure that takes flight and conquers freedom. “The design of a woman in the fullness who looks at the sky and seems to start an ascension. The sculpture is placed at the entrance of the town, in the viewpoint Rosa Galera, a tribute to the neighbor of the municipality that lost its life three years ago at the hands of his ex – partner.
In this urban tour highlights the rehabilitation of the old stone railway bridge that exists in the municipality in its boulevard-like boulevard, known as Museum of Outdoor Sculptures. Throughout its layout we can find numerous and varied sculptures of marble product of the quarries of Macael, that pay homage to different countries, different cultures and great geniuses such as the poet Federico García Lorca.
It is known about it from the year 1877 and was restored in 2004. The water it carries is good for consumption, it has a kind of drinking fountain where the animals used to drink. It is normally used for irrigation. The flow is low, although it never runs out. In April 2009, the public picnic area next to the fountain was inaugurated (where the old laundry room, which was used by women at the end of the day), was equipped with tables, barbecues and services. This fountain is famous because on the night of San Juan it is tradition that people go there to wash their faces, because according to legend you will remain young for life.
The Parochial Church of Our Lady of the Rosary consists of a single nave with a main chapel and a choir at the foot. The ship, which originally had niches pierced in its walls, is covered by a rectangular file armor with decorated almizate at the ends. The almizate corresponding to the choir has an ornamentation based on cloths tied with eight-pointed stars, in whose center a rosette appears. However, the one near the headboard reduces its decoration to eight-pointed stars. Outside the Parochial Church of Our Lady of the Rosary stand out the main portal and the tower. The cover has a flat access doorway, highlighted by wide moldings. On the aforementioned vain is located another flared, topped by a cross. The tower, located in the left corner of the head, has three bodies separated by moldings.
From Macael we can take an optional tour that climbs the hillsides of Los Filabres, to the village of Laroya. Rounds and turns of the road allow you to gain height, crossing an environment without vegetation where some isolated farmhouses stand out. Suddenly this little village appears before us, sheltered in a corner of the mountain. Only a few houses make it up, especially the church. We encourage you to leave your car at the entrance of the town, as it becomes useless in the tiny alleys that make it up. Without a doubt, he will have left it in a large circular era that serves as a parking space. Go through this tiny farmhouse and admire this secluded corner of the Sierra de los Filabres, where even today, its people work the terraces that surround the village. Powered by Wikiloc
The Parish Church San Ramón Nonato is an excellent work of great neoclassical purity and remarkable balance of volumes that stands out among the traditional hamlet of the rest of the town. It was built in the second half of the 17th century, working on the construction of the architect Antonio Munar, although the name of the architect who designed it was unknown. The main façade of the San Ramón Nonato Parish Church has a double pediment, complete with a domed bell tower among igneous rockets. The interior features a vaulted Latin cross plan with vaulted dome above the cruiser
Nature and Laroya become synonyms for all those who know this corner of the Sierra de Los Filabres. You just have to walk through any of its places to realize that it is a great opportunity to enjoy an ecosystem rich in vegetation and native fauna that will delight nature lovers. And to unite all its places, Laroya has a network of different roads and beautiful trails to enjoy a cultural and natural experience like no other. Since 2010, these trails have been recognized by all those who want to venture into them: The PR-A 372 in Reúl Alto is a route that recovers old roads, which were in disuse, had even partially disappeared and communicated the town with the bordering populations entering the Sierra de los Filabres. 13.4 km of magnificent landscapes, trees, fountains and roads. A circular route that also has two healthy routes of 3500 and 5500 steps. This path runs very close to the places where the famous “Fuegos de Laroya” are developed, some unexplained phenomena of 1945 considered as the first X file of Spain. The PR-A 366, or Route of the mills, allows the walkers to contemplate the remains of the old mills and […]
The Charcón del Buey The Laroya River is a special and charismatic river that is part of the tributaries of the Almanzora River. Crossing the town to which it owes its name, it constitutes the main reason why Laroya has a special character, an orography and a landscape very different from the rest of the region. At more than 800 m of altitude, this river has been built by digging its channel in the rock. This source of life almost foreign to the times of abundance and drought, has the vocation of not leaving at any moment to provide the neighbors of the town with that fundamental element such as water. With the great protagonism that counts in the population, its channel is winding through a network of irrigation ditches and rafts dating from the ninth and tenth centuries, and that take advantage of the waterfalls that are generated in it for the construction of mills and even a tejera where bricks were built. That orographic hole on which the Laroya River has taken its toll is located in a privileged environment that has favored the development of waterfalls and waterfalls along the course of the river. This is the […]
Of the castle of the locality Almería of Laroya only remains, at present, some vestiges. This fortress, whose construction and origin have not been studied, stands in a beautiful mountain village of very asymmetrical and steep streets, in which we can also admire the parish church, built in the sixteenth century.
Balsa de Cela is a spring of thermal waters located 3.5 km from Tíjola in a northerly direction, on the border with the municipality of Lúcar, and at an altitude above sea level of 720 meters. The waters emerge naturally with a constant flow of 42 liters per second and a temperature that is maintained at different times of the year between 22 and 24 degrees Celsius. Already in Roman times there was reference to the richness of the thermal waters of the then Tagilitana Republic (current Tíjola). The waters of the Balsa de Cela have medicinal properties for different types of diseases. The Fuente de Cela waters a rich fertile plain and its waters are distributed among the municipalities of Tíjola, Lúcar and Armuña. Traditionally it has served as a cattle trough. The reservoir-shaped reservoir formed at birth is known as Balsa de Cela, and is divided in half by the boundary between the municipalities of Tíjola and Lúcar. It has dimensions of 50 × 50 m and a depth ranging from 50 cm to 2 m. It has been the object of several improvements and extensions, the last one in 1996. It has been the preferred place for […]
The viewpoints are those balconies, like the Mirador de Lúcar, in which today we lean out to realize how big and beautiful the power of nature is, to delight us with such beautiful and impressive images, like those we can see from any viewpoint of the Almanzora Valley; these high places that we know today as lookouts are nothing more than the vestige of other times.
The viewpoints are those balconies, like the one in Mirador La Santa, in which today we lean out to realize how big and beautiful is the power of nature, to delight us with such beautiful and impressive images, such as those we can see from any viewpoint of the Almanzora Valley; these high places that we know today as lookouts are nothing more than the vestige of other times.
At the eastern end of the Betic System, in the province of Almería and in the Alto Almanzora region, is the Sierra de Lúcar, where the Piedra Lobera Natural Monument rises to a height of 1,722 meters. It is a spectacular limestone formation of steep walls that stands out remarkably in the landscape, constituting a geographic landmark of great interest and spectacular landscapes. Its legendary name comes from the oral tradition, which tells that it was in this place where the last specimens of wolves that existed in these mountains were exterminated. In addition to its scenic beauty, this natural monument houses an important endemic flora adapted to the harsh conditions that occur in this environment: shortage of rain, strong winds, long periods of insolation, frequent frosts and stony soils. Thus, exclusive species such as the sandstone tomentosa, which grows between the rocks and has a bearing in the form of a pad to counteract the whips of the wind. It is covered with small hairs to reflect the incessant solar rays. Other examples of interest are the honeysuckle from the Pyrenees, which lives in the shelter of fissures and limestone rocks; and the exotic peony, called rose bush, which […]
The Church of Santa María was built in the sixteenth century. Its owner is Santa María and with devotion to the Virgin of Carmen, who had hermitage and brotherhood since the sixteenth century. It is located on the main street of Lúcar, called Calle Marín de Poveda. The armor of the Church of Santa María is of Mudejar art and belongs to the general type, within the numerous Mudejar churches of the region. They emphasize the great width of rectangular basilical plant where a Mudejar armor inscribes in good state of conservation without alterations with the time of its original structure. Of simple decoration it has several chapels to the sides with forms from rectangular to trapezoidal. The Church of Santa María is crossed with hemispherical vaults, elliptical with lanterns and which are separated from each other by arches fajones; They are built after the rebellion of the Moors in 1573 and finished in the Baroque era. Highlight the chapel of the Virgen de los Dolores, Renaissance period.
The route along the path-viewpoint offers a panoramic view of the central core of the Macael quarries. In this deposit are the main marble reserves of all the Spanish State, followed at a considerable distance by those of Huelva. Marble is a metamorphic rock, the result of a recrystallization process, in which conchiferous fossil remains are present. As a result of this process, calcite and dolomite are generated, from the original limestones and dolomites. This metamorphism, in which mechanical, thermal and geochemical factors are present, is generated in underground environments. Its laminar disposition and its mining accessibility are the results of tectonic forces and the dynamics of the creeping mantles of the Betic mountain ranges. All this complex process concludes with the offer of marble, noble material, appreciated and constant presence in the monumental architecture and outstanding since antiquity. It can be observed the difficulty of exploitation, and the technical sophistication and machinery necessary for extraction.
The marble mortar is a very popular object that has become our tourist icon. Inscribed in the Guinness Book of Records, it is a tribute to the artisans of Macael marble. Prior to the installation of handicraft workshops in the town, at the end of the 19th century, its complete elaboration (from the drawing on a piece of white marble until its carving with pointers and grinding) determined the end of the stage in which the Young people acted as apprentices, to become considered as stonemasons. More recently, it has gained a notoriety thanks to its use by famous chefs in their appearances in gastronomic television programs. Installing in the roundabout of the Avenida de Almería with the Avenida de Ronda is, of course, done in Marble of Macael. The mortar (base) has dimensions of 3.29 mts. Of height, 3,07 mts. Diameter of the mouth and 30.9 tons of weight; While the hand is 4.73 mts. Of height, 0.85 mts. Of diameter and a weight of 5,820 Kg.
Guided visit to craft factories and elaborated Macael and the Almanzora Valley region have recently been declared by the Junta de Andalucía as “Area of Artisan Interest”, being the first in the province of Almeria, and all thanks to the recognition of our artisans in the world. The visit will consist of seeing a craft factory of Rubira Sola de Macael industrial estate, where the different processes of transformation and elaboration of marble will be explained, and it will be observed how a master craftsman works. Duration: 1h 20min approx.
It is located at the top of a small mound crowned by the Virgin of the Rosary; Sculpture by D. José Sabiote Fernández, in the purest and white marble of Macael. There, from his impassive height watches and cares for the Macaelenses. The access road and the esplanade where the sacred image is located were performed altruistically with devotion by the citizens of the town. The rise of slate and wooden railing, sepentea the mountain between rosemary and thyme. From time to time benches that help the walker to enjoy the scenery, adorned with numerous sculptures
♦♦♦ High Tourist Interest. Macael is inextricably linked to the word Marble. The quarries very close to the urban area have been exploited since ancient times, constituting the most important exploitation nucleus of ornamental rocks of the national territory. Marble is a metamorphic rock that comes from a sedimentary rock, limestone, which suffers physical changes in its internal structure due to the action of pressure and temperature. Its quality and possibility of natural shine when polished has turned it into an excellent ornamental rock. In addition, its hardness allows its use as a structural element. During the Recent Neolithic and the Chalcolithic, the populations of the Almanzora Valley took advantage of the white marble stones that dragged the water courses to elaborate small schematic figures called “cruciform idols” or “Almerian idols” that they deposited in the collective tombs. In ancient archaeological research they were considered one of the characteristic elements of the “Culture of Almeria”. With the Romans began to exploit the quarries of Macael on a larger scale, but it is in the Muslim era when there is greater continuity in extraction. With the Christian repopulation of Macael, the activity of the marble sector re-emerged. Macael’s “Libro de Apeo” […]
It is an exact replica of the Fountain of the Courtyard of the Lions of the Alhambra, also made in Macael white marble, surely one of the most relevant symbols of the Nasrid legacy. The source is made up of 12 lions, all different in size and detail, but in three groups of four, depending on the similarity of their formal features; Nose, hair of the mane, jaws and position and relief of the tail. The cup, 262 cm in diameter and 49 cm thick made in a single piece, is written in its perimeter 12 verses of the minister and poet Ibn Zamrak describing the source itself. The Fountain of the Lions of Macael is an exclusive piece that is not found in the rest of the World, since at the feet of the lions owns great plates of White Macael marble in which you can read the Arabic verses of the cup translated To Castilian. It is located in the Plaza de la Constitución next to the Nuestra Señora del Rosario Church.
In 1609 was inaugurated the Parish Church Santa Maria of the Rosary, in Mudéjar style. The then Bishop of Almeria, D. Fray Juan de Portocarrero, ordered the construction of this tower and the episcopal shield. The tower, of majestic aspect and in good condition of conservation, is crowned by the bell tower. To the exterior it presents a cover to four waters with Arab tile and to the interior a wood paneling in the first and second body. Its decoration is made of alternating bricks with masonry drawers, semicircular arches and geometric drawings accused by the brick out of its walls. From its origins to our days the church has undergone numerous modifications in its structure, so the interior space is diaphanous and wide, presenting a single nave, drawing attention to its side facades, unusual in the churches of the region and this is due to The last restoration carried out in 1992 in which the main door was blinded, to place in its place the High Altar. The Altar Mayor presents a marmoreal decoration of varied shades, where the most outstanding is the temple that projects inside the shrine, beautifully made and carved by the craftsmen “Children of José […]
Ascending by the street García Lorca and after leaving the square Almería, with its airy and original fountain, we find the Monument to the stonemason. Sculpture commemorated on a “mass” of white marble, which proudly expresses the bust of a worker who starts each day to beat the noble and strong.
The Center of Interpretation of Marble is conceived as a cultural space where history, tradition, innovation and future coexist harmoniously to offer us a vision on the culture of Macael marble. It fulfills a triple function as a reception center for visitors, a tourist information point and an interpretive space that enables a contextualization of the Macael marble culture. In its interior we find 22 panels, with information in Spanish and English, that help to interpret the Culture of the Marble of Macael. Beginning with its traditions and history, continuing through different geological aspects and situation of the areas where the quarries are located, by the methods and utensils that were traditionally used both in their extraction and in their transformation, the evolution in the transport of the material, the Physical characteristics of marble blocks, the modern extraction process, the ecological-landscape restoration of quarries and tailings, the methods used in the different typologies that are distinguished in the subsector of the transformation currently: elaborate factories, the mill Stone and crafts workshops, the presence of Macael marble in celebrated buildings throughout history and around the world, and ending with a look to the future with innovation in the stone industry, and […]
Olula del Rio
The sculptural work that the artist Antonio López has designed to preside over the City of Culture in Olula del Río, the sculpture ‘Mujer del Almanzora’ is located next to the Casa Ibáñez museum and the ‘Pérez Siquier’ museum of photography. Draws attention to its powerful dimensions with an approximate height of eight meters. This work by López will be the complement of the ‘City of Culture’, welcoming with its powerful presence to the entire cultural space. The Center ‘Pérez Siquier’, is a new building that will have a double function; conservation, custody, digitization and management of all the funds that make up the archive (original negatives and slides, author copies, documents and publications) and permanent museum dedicated to the work of the distinguished photographer, which will cover his production of more than sixty years, from the black and white images of the second half of the fifties, where La Chanca has an undoubted prominence, going through the findings of color in the seventies and eighties, which have given the author the qualification of “pioneer” in the scene of the international photographic avant-garde, up to its most recent series.
The Casa Ibáñez Museum is one of the largest collections of Contemporary Art of Andalusia. By the magnitude, variety and quality of its funds, more than 1,200 works of art, in which are represented contemporary artists of the first level as Joaquín Sorolla, Mariano Benlluire, Francisco Goya Lucientes, Pablo Picasso, Madrazo, Villegas Cordero, Golucho, Carlos Pérez Siquier, completing the extensive collection of the AFAL group, Carlos de Paz or Ortiz Echagüe, among many others. The main exponent of the Casa Ibáñez Museum is Andrés García Ibáñez, whose work is classified in several series throughout the first five rooms, as well as the last and most extensive rooms on the route. The Casa Ibáñez Museum is currently made up of 16 exhibition halls: 14 dedicated to the exhibition of the permanent collection of the Museum and 2 dedicated to host the temporary exhibitions that the Museum produces throughout the year.
Hermitage built at the foot of Cerro Almirez in the Sierra de las Estancias. The decision that the hermitage is located in that area is because it is on the industrial estate. When the work was projected, this area had a lot of production and abundant workers, and that was the reason why it was done in that place, so that the Christ could offer them its protection. The first stone of the hermitage was placed by the neighbors who at that time were the longest-lived of the town, José Mena and Carmen González, were then 103 years old. In the square of the chapel is the image of the Christ of the Good Death, a sculpture carved in white marble of Macael in one piece and of singular beauty.
The Guadix-Almendricos railway line (Granada-Murcia) was built to give a rapid outlet to the ore that housed the area. Its exploitation began between 1906 and 1907 by several companies with English capital, until at the end of the last century it passed into the hands of the Spanish capital. Disused since 1985, now it will become an itinerary of great accessibility and safety for all types of users, with no age limit or physical capacity. The Almanzora Greenway runs along part of the disused Guadix-Almendricos railway line, in the section that runs between the provincial limit of Granada-Almería and the municipal district of Huércal-Overa. The final length of this section of Vía Verde del Almanzora will be approximately 35 km. The municipalities of Serón, Fines, Cantoria and Olula del Río have carried out refurbishment projects in the sections of this same line that runs through their municipal boundaries. In this way, it is intended to complete a large greenway in the Almanzora Valley, with the idea of creating an ideal road for cycling and walking, suitable for all types of users, including those with reduced mobility.
The Church of San Sebastián is neoclassical in style and was built between 1780 and 1789 by Ventura Rodríguez. It has a Greek cross plan; the central space is occupied by a vaulted dome. On the main altar of the Church of San Sebastian there is an altarpiece made in work and stucco, presided by the Christ of the good death. It is accessed through a stairway, composed on both sides of a balustrade of marble balusters. The interior lighting is due to three circular windows located on the main facade. The walls of the baptismal chapel are decorated with paintings referring to the baptism of Christ dated in 1932. At the foot of the temple is the high choir composed of wooden balusters. The exterior façade has a tower at the head, consisting of a base, three bodies separated by simple moldings and dome-shaped roofs, and a clock that preserves the original machinery and was added in the year 1.897. The tower is topped by a weather vane with a copper ball and an iron cross. The exterior of the church is painted white, except for the base where the masonry factory can be seen.
The Church of the Assumption is of recent creation, dates from the year 1.968. The project was carried out by the Catalan architect Don Ramón Montserrat Ballesté. The Church of the Assumption has a capacity of between 2,000 and 3,000 people. It consists of a central nave for worship, a choir, which was made with latticework over the main altar, a circulation space for the different services of the Church and a space for spiritual retreat. Outside we find a colorful tower that gives the building firmness and splendor. The decoration is simple, highlighting the image of the Assumption of Mary that presides over the Altar, the artistic stained glass windows, which symbolize the light, being darker at the entrance of the temple to be clarified as we move towards the Altar towards “La Resurrección” “And the striking paintings, highlighting the frescoes, which we found near the baptismal font.
The museum of photography “Pérez Siquier” is a tribute to Carlos Pérez Siquier, who has donated most of the work that the museum contains. Carlos Pérez Siquier (Almería, 1930) is considered one of the pioneers of the photographic avant-garde in Spain and National Photography Prize in 2003. He is a Supernumerary Academician of the Royal Academy of Fine Arts of Our Lady of Sorrows in Granada. Sculpture Woman from Almanzora
The Basilica of Our Lady of the Mercedes, of Oria adopts a solution similar to the Velezian temple, although with smaller size and the more simplified decoration. The Basilica of Our Lady of Mercedes, is a fairly late example of the Baroque, since it takes place in the second half of the eighteenth century. This church is located in the center of a large urban space that surrounds it and that constitutes a kind of atrium in which the front of the feet acts as a point of attraction for the facade. On this cover contrasts the decoration of small reliefs that fill the spandrels, with the sobriety of pilasters, entablatures and pediments. This sobriety of decorative elements is broken by the plastic game achieved by the different materials used in the construction. The brick of dimensions shorter and wider than the one commonly used, gives the walls a special texture, underlined by the alternation of drawers of plastered and whitewashed masonry. All this links with the Mudejar tradition, which, for its economy, simplicity and beauty, survived for a long time in the province of Almería. The Basilica of Our Lady of Mercy is a temple, with a cruciform plan, […]
The idea of the project to increase the presence of existing ruins, using only a few elements and clean the place (hide undesirable elements), is a way to clarify the meaning of the landscape. The project does not try to recreate old walls, but tries to recover the memory and meaning of these places. So, we created a small route to guide visitors and show them the hidden remains and meanings of the place. The main idea of the design inside the castle was to emphasize its defensive use. To do this, we recreate the path of the patrol, eliminating the plants and placing an anti-root membrane under the new route. We let the plants grow in the middle to hide the large antennae and contrast with the path. Therefore, the central part became a park simply by placing some banks here and there. Finally, we placed two elevated wooden platforms, in the same place where the old towers used to be, to point to other defensive buildings.
It is said that it was in Oria, Almería, where the first parochial temple of the zone was built, corresponding this one to the Hermitage of San Gregorio Ostiense, after the recovery of the Almanzora by Don Juan de Austria. And the later of El Quagaci before the bishopric of Cuenca, where he presented himself to the Inquisition, his property was confiscated and he was sentenced to perpetual sambenito and six years of galley.
Interesting remains of the fortified enclosure that dominates the Villa de Oria on the surrounding hamlet. The important remnants of the enclosure perimeter of the Castle of Oria are composed of large walls of tabilla, with abundant ceramic fragments as a consolidating element, of 1.70 meters of thickness on masonry plinth of 1.80 wide x 0.90 meters of high. The only access to the Castle of Oria was made in the north, where several cubes of towers are visible from the door to the elbow and from the tower to the east, down a wall canvas to the hamlet closing some outer space or to a lost albarrana tower. The tower of the north also penetrates in the hamlet with a considerable height realized in rubblework and tabilla and covered by a white plaster of lime mortar with decoration of lines in spike. In the interior of the Castle of Oria there are walls of houses and in the north wall of the enclosure there are the very deteriorated remains of a panel painted in red and white.
Located in the shade of Sierra de Filabres in the municipality of Purchena, the main mountain massif of Almeria and one of the largest in Andalusia, which extends from East to West with an approximate area of 150,000 hectares and an average height of 1,500 m, with its highest point in Calar Alto (2,168 m). Geologically it is framed within the internal zone of the Bética Mountain Ranges, forming the main dividing barrier that separates the two most important hydrographic basins of the province: that of the Andarax and Almanzora rivers. From this viewpoint there are ample views of the Almanzora valley, located between the Sierras de Filabres, Estancias and Lúcar. This valley has always been a frontier zone and the oldest known route that linked the Mediterranean with the Guadalquivir valley and as a result of that border situation are today divided by the region, remains of walls, cisterns and watchtowers, silent witnesses of the different civilizations that occupied these lands throughout history.
The stations, such as the old railway station of Purchena, have progressively acquired a historical, sociological and aesthetic importance that surpasses its simple technical function. They are, like the railway itself, one of the characteristic elements of the industrial and urban development of the Almanzora Valley.
The El Lavadero Cultural Center is a building reconstructed from an old public laundry, rehabilitated by the consistory and the Casa de Oficios Almanzora Integra, with a great attraction for lovers of archeology; the archaeological remains of the city of Purchena, ceded by the City Council of the town. It should be remembered that the town is one of the most important historical enclaves of the Almanzora Valley.
The tunnel that connects the municipality of Purchena with that of Olula del Río is finished, to end this section that links Hijate with Olula del Río. The president of the Commonwealth of Municipalities of Valle del Almanzora, Antonio Ramón Salas; the mayor of Olula del Rio, Antonio Martínez Pascual and the purchenera councilor Isabel María Sánchez Cruz, visited the works that will link Hijate, Serón, Tíjola, Armuña, Purchena, Olula and Fines, in a walk suitable for the whole family and that allows enjoy nature. For Salas, this natural path will become the busiest in all of Andalusia. «In a next phase, we hope to reach Almendricos (Murcia). In this sense we are already in talks with the Government of the Nation, who has opted for this much-needed work to boost local tourism, with an investment of around 2.5 million euros, which has allowed to create jobs » adds the president. Enabled the tunnel that connects the Greenway, responsible for the Association of Municipalities of Almanzora, wanted to recognize this effort that allows the opening of this step that is part of the Natural Path Program of the Ministry of Agriculture, Food and Environment. You can already contemplate the use […]
The Church of San Ginés, is located in the street of the General Rade. It was erected in the place where the old Muslim mosque was and came to replace another consecrated one from 1505, to Our Lady of the Incarnation, which probably could have been located in the hill of the Castle. Its construction began around 1550 by the architect Juan de Orea, and did not end until the immediate dates of the rebellion of the Moors. Its style is Renaissance with notorious influences of the Mudejar Granada. It consists of three naves separated by two arcades that are supported by stone columns of oval section. The Church of San Ginés, has three chapels of the eighteenth century, one dedicated to the Virgin of Carmen, another to the Dolores and another to the Rosario. Externally it is built of regular ashlars and has a square tower. The roof is a pair and knuckle armor, with double braces decorated with eight-pointed stars and alfardones, which is repeated in the guards of the two friezes and in the almizabe, which creates octagonal polygons to which are added pineapples. It has three coats of arms, the oldest is that of Fray Diego […]
The Alcazaba de Purchena, began to be built in the year 888, by the Marines of the Federative State of Pechina, and reached its maximum splendor in the Nasrid era. The last Muslim warden of the castle, Ibrahim Abenedir, proudly defended the city, without selling it to the kings, as did others of his peers. There are hardly any remains of the Alcazaba de Purchena, in which Aben Humeya took refuge with his troops. Today there are only remains of houses, a cistern, a bath, the wall and a tower, known as Torre del Agua, which is a magnificent work of hydraulic engineering, since in its interior it has a reservoir of drinking water, which made of the town an almost impregnable place. Originally this tower had more than thirteen meters of height, but today only half of the structure is conserved, in spite of the restoration made in 1997. There are also remains of funeral constructions from the Bronze Age, almost disappeared, there are only a few vestiges. In the area called the Watchtower, in the vicinity of the town, stood a lookout tower also from the Nasrid period.
In the scene of this viewpoint, the town of Serón stands out on the left; all its fertile plain, which occupies the fluvial deposits of the Almanzora valley, and a set of heritage elements, among which stands out the mineral loading of Los Canos, towards which one of the aerial cables that descended from the Bacares preserve -The Menas (cable Cabarga), some of whose supports are observed under the viewpoint. The connection between the mining preserve and the valley, through which the railway line that went to the pier of El Hornillo (Águilas, Murcia), was resolved by a set of aerial cables.
Data sheet Location: Serón, Almería. Length: 11.8 km. Users: Walkers and cyclists. Accessibility: Comfortable short slope route, suitable for people with reduced mobility. Type of road: Compacted earth and gravel. Main accesses: Neighborhoods of Los Zoilos, La Estación and Fuencaliente Natural environment: Sierra de los Filabres and Valle del Almanzora
The Real street is the main road that surrounds the historical helmet, generating a plot formed by narrow and intricate streets and beautiful corners to his around. In this street we find some examples of stately homes with magnificent facades that were built at the end of the 19th century in neoclassical style or at the beginning of the 20th century in a modernist style, houses in neo-colonial style also predominate.
Nazarí era dates from the thirteenth century. It played an important role in the Muslim era due to its defensive nature and served as a refuge in the uprising of the Moors. The situation of this castle is majestic and its proportions are generous, especially in its base, as these are reduced as it ascends, being in the upper part a small esplanade, where a neo-style tower was built at the beginning of the 20th century -Mudéjar that houses the mechanism of a clock. The tower is square, raised on a masonry plinth. The bust is made of stone and the brick is used to frame the holes and reinforce the corners. The tower is divided into two floors with two-part windows in each of its fronts, these present in the auction a semicircular arch made of brick. Of the original fortress there is only one wall and some wall paintings scattered throughout the construction. Its plant is rectangular, formed by trapezoidal cubes with wide bases where towers are built, built with masonry joined with mortar, using brick for corners, doors and windows. In them it is possible to distinguish with precision the ancient walls and those that later have […]
Las Menas Poblado Minero is an old mining town located in the Sierra de los Filabres belonging to the municipality of Serón. In this place iron was extracted from the end of the 18th century until the year 1968. In everything related to the mining activity, up to 2,900 people were able to work; Many of them did not live in Menas and had to travel every day on foot crossing the mountain from towns such as Serón, Alcóntar, or Bacares among others. Within the Menas Mining Village you can see many important buildings of the time, some are completely restored but have been intended for another use, such as camping or hotel; others are currently being restored; we talk about the houses of the Director of the mines and of the Assistant Directors; and many others are found just as they remained after the emigration of the inhabitants after the closure of the mines.
Neoclassical construction of the 19th century, with a rectangular floor plan and a single nave. It has a very sober exterior and an interior that stands out for its simplicity and beauty. Located next to the square that bears his name, its ornamentation is articulated by means of a succession of pilasters of Ionic order joined by blind arches of half a point and supporting entablatures, on which the barrel vault is flung with lunettes finished in oculi. After the main arch opens the main chapel, where is the image of the patron, the “Virgen de los Remedios”, which is covered with a dome beautifully decorated with the pigeon of the Holy Spirit and angels, painted by the artist from Almeria Miralles.
Construction of the 17th century declared a National Historic-Artistic Monument in 1983, where the two architectural traditions of that time converge in the area, the Mudejar, heir to the Islamic tradition, and the Christian. Its interior is diaphanous, rectangular in shape, formed by three naves separated by slender pillars that give the building noble proportions. The main chapel is vaulted. On its left side is the tower, square, crowned by the bell tower. On the right side there is the sacristy that leads to the caremín and the gardens that surround the building and give access to the side door, now blinded. The central nave presents a magnificent refined lima armor with motifs of eight-pointed stars and a square bow decorating the almizate and the pairs of braces, all outlined with agramilado work. Its covers have the same design in the sober classicism of the first baroque; both are of stonework and their half-point vain is framed between Tuscan columns on high plinths, the line of imposts extending behind them; On top of an entablature, on which are traces of a pediment, it is crowned with the shield of Bishop Portocarrero. The side cover blinded, is practically undone and is […]
The Serón Castle is from the Nasrid period (13th century) and is located in the highest part of the town. From here you can see the entire Almanzora Valley, the Sierra de las Estancias and part of the province of Granada. It played an important role in Muslim times due to its defensive nature and served as a refuge in the uprising of the Moors. Only one wall and some wall paintings remain of the original fortress. The Castillo de Serón plant is rectangular formed by trapezoidal cubes with wide bases where towers are built, built with masonry joined with mortar, using brick for corners, doors and windows. In the upper part there is a small esplanade where the Clock Tower was built, in neo-Mudejar style, with a square floor raised on a masonry plinth. It is divided into two floors with two-part windows in each of its fronts ending in a semicircular arch made of brick.
The City Council of Sierro has improved the accessibility to the castle of the town by its southern part, conditioning an area in disuse, little passable and dangerous, and creating a lookout-picnic with which it is intended “to give a better service to those who visit the castle”.
Sierro rests at the foot of the Sierra de los Filabres, on the northern slope of that mass of slate. Its gently sloping hills are currently covered by uncultivated almond trees and by “bolinares” and other landscapes of semi-arid scrub that occupy the old farmlands of the dry-land farms that have been abandoned in the last thirty years. As in the rest of the mountainous territory of southeastern Andalusia, water has made it possible to take more intensive part of the territory. Located next to the Boloyunta River (also known as the Sierro River), where it abandons the narrowness of the channel between opposing hills, the stepped landscape of Sierro is irrigated with waters that come from the melting snow of the Calar Alto and with the contributions of the springs that are feeding the current. In the cortijos of the mountain range also take advantage the small births of irregular course, that give place to picked enclaves of fertility in an environment in which the hardness of the lands of dry land dominates. The landscape changes gradually as we move away from the valley and we penetrate in height along the municipality looking for the summit of the Sierra […]
The Church of San Sebastian is a unique nave structure covered by a barrel vault, and the roof with pine beams of the country and Arab tile. The exterior very sober and the interior elevation from Ionic columns framing arcs of half a point and supporting entablamentos. The lighting is done in six open oculi at the bottom of the lunettes of the vault.
Fortress of Sierro / Hisn al-Zuerro Reference: AL-CAS-184 Corresponds to the IX-XIII centuries. Located on the top of the farmhouse with the role of shelter and urban citadel. It emphasizes its prominent height and its wide visibility on the territory. It is a medieval castle-fortress of Berber Islamic style. It is located in the highest part of the inhabited nucleus, rising over the Boloyunta river (Arabic name of the Sierro river) about 300 meters. The ruins of a fortress with a tower, square and solid, are conserved, controlling the valley of the river and with the tower-minaret of the church-mosque a few meters below the tower. The fortification is very eroded and the vestiges that remain are discontinuous elements of the wall with two concentric defensive perimeters, a tower, two little projected towers to the outside, a side door and a cistern. From it you can see Somontín, Lúcar and Urracal, the upper part of the Almanzora valley. The great tower dominates the entrance to the valley and its access road; on the southwest, the foothills of the Sierra de los Filabres and the upper Boloyunta valley. Andalusian construction completed in the Almohad period (12th century), with elements and Almoravid […]
Interpretation Center of the Habitat “Museo del Campo”. The Museum of the Field of Taberno or ethnological museum was created in 1998 with the objective of recovering and preserving all those objects that during the last two centuries were used by our ancestors; such as work tools, machinery, utensils, etc. This museum is created thanks to the collaboration of the residents of the municipality who give most of the objects to public use, currently counting the museum with a number no less than 2000 objects. All this makes us preserve history and culture. The customs of our ancestors, in order to be able to transmit to future generations this legacy, this great ethnological richness. A visit to the Taberno museum can take you back in time. Enveloping him in the mysterious rumor of the tradition, embarking him in an adventure where he will know the past and its nooks and crannies. It is a space for interpreting the rural habitat, based on the cultural heritage linked to the traditional productive activity in order to culturally and touristically project the municipality of Taberno. The center is divided into three identification spaces. 1º Reception area.- Public attention area where all the bookstore […]
Church of the mid-eighteenth century, having its own archive and books from 1769, working from that date as a branch church of Velez Rubio, being served, depending on the periods by one or two priests, who acted as coadjutors of the church of Vélez Rubio, but it would not be until June 1, 1900 when it becomes its own Parish. The territorial scope that the bishopric of Almeria assigned to it when the parish of Taberno was constituted, did not coincide exactly with the municipal term, serving as an example that of the district of Santopetar that belonged to the parish of Santa María de Nieva. This church was built by the residents of Taberno with dedication to San José, the deceased being buried inside the same church, until the old cemetery was created, located in the current street of Pablo Picasso and later, in the current one.
Hermitage whose construction is estimated between 1846 and 1897. Repaired several times, has an extraordinary situation as it is a natural viewpoint of the urban core of Taberno rising in the highest area of it. Place of pilgrimage of the procession of the Calvary of Good Friday since time immemorial. This hermitage remains today the main point of offerings to the patron of Taberno, San José.
Church built with devotion to the Virgin of Carmen, if this church stands out for something, it is for the singularity of its procession, since it does not have a route or an approximate duration, because it is a procession to bid (auction). It is a normal procession, with the difference of the existence of some mayordomos, who change every year and who welcome the position with love and devotion, are in charge of directing the procession. These mayordomos take a bid (bet) who will take the virgin from the church 30 euros to take the virgin !! Any companion of the virgin can shout, I go up to 40 euros !! After a few meters traveled with the Virgin is returned to auction with the same system. We also bid for the Virgin to go through a street or another, the one who pays the most will decide the journey of the procession, even if someone wants to stop at your door you must pay and in addition, pay again to continue. That money goes to pay for repairs to the church, improvements in the image, etc.
There is a video of the time that can be seen and gathers “step by step” all the processes. There are bottles to take and know the authentic taste of Taberno oil, extracted by artisanal procedures. It worked in the mid-twentieth century and is in perfect condition. And it allows us to understand how oil is extracted in an artisanal way.
When we refer to the 4×4 world, Taberno is a reference, just visit any internet search engine and put “Taberno 4×4” so that there are many links to the web, photographs, videos of the events we do throughout the year. Events such as exhibitions, Spanish championship events (such as Baja Almanzora) and routes through the municipality. We are going to stop at the homologated route that you have at your disposal. Some of the participants in the routes described it to us as a cocktail between the multiadventure and the history of Taberno. During 60 km. we will visit the “canat”, an irrigation system imported from Syria more than 1000 years ago; natural viewpoints with views of the Sierra de las Estancias at the same time as the coasts of Mojacar or Águilas; we will see the biggest “Glacis” of all Europe; we will pass through wide ramblas that demonstrate the power of the great avenues of waters that occur occasionally, as well as narrow ravines that carry water all year round. We will also visit several districts highlighting Los Mundos, where the famous battle of Munda could be celebrated, in which Julio César fought; later we will see Santopetar, […]
The viewpoint of Cerrá will not leave you indifferent. The view towards the bottom of the Cerrá ravine is vertigo, the views of the valley are impressive. If you move 20 meters towards the edge of the mountain you will have another incredible view of the valley, reviewing the villages with the look: Serón, Tíjola, Purchena, Suflí, Macael, Olula del Rio, Fines and Cantoria, without forgetting the Cosentino polygon, the Quarries of Macael and the Tetica de Bacares. The colors when the night falls are very special, will make this trip an unforgettable day.
The public laundry located at the entrance of the town of C / Pilar, the main artery of the municipality, is part of the hydraulic infrastructure to use the water flow from the upper rafts (Fuente Nueva) to the Pals, water that goes directly to irrigate the huerta urraqueña. It was created in 1947, before the construction of the drinking water and sanitation network. The women used the laundry to soap and rinse clothes, today it is still used but much less than before. In addition, until a few years ago, the laundry had other uses such as, for example, in the time of slaughter, for the washing of pieces, utensils, sacks or rags of the slaughter. The clothes were rubbed on the stone and soaps were used that, being made with natural products (oil and soda) by the same washerwomen, the water that was used to wash was not contaminated and could be reused to water. Once the laundry was finished, the women transported the clothes to their homes using cubes to hang them and let the sun finish the job. Hard work, especially in winter when wet hands and cold freeze women’s hands. This hydraulic group that provided […]
The Church of Santa María is one of the most famous artistic treasures of the municipality of Urrácal. It has an irregular floor plan with a central nave and two lateral ones with six chapels dedicated to San José, image of the school of Salzillo, Las Ánimas, La Virgen del Rosario, San Antonio – Our Lady of Fátima – Santa Teersa, Our Lady of Sorrows and Our Father Jesus. The Sacred Heart of Jesus presides over the High Altar, accompanied on both sides by the images of the Risen Jesus and the Immaculate. If we look up, we find an elliptical vault that externally appears as a body of octagonal lights and inside we can see eight glass windows and a magnificent pictorial decoration. At the entrance, we distinguish the choir and the grandstand with an oval roof where his paintings stand out. And on the right, the Baptistery, with a stack of marble located in the center and a stained glass window. The parish of Santa Mría dates from the 16th century. According to the measurement method of Ventura Rodríguez, the extension of this temple is able to accommodate almost 1300 people. In its façade we appreciate a single […]
One of the places that most impress those who take a walk through the Almanzora Valley in the north of Almería, is “El Estrecho” located in the municipality of Urrácal. This narrow gorge is located on the Salada ravine at the foot of the hill “El Castillico”. For decades it has not been possible to pass due to the great amount of vegetation that there was in the rambla. Formerly, with the rise of the channel, it was cleaned naturally but the construction of dams for the prevention of large floods and floods has made over the years that appear large numbers of oleanders, tarays, blackberries and false rushes that prevented the access. Thanks to the cleaning work that has been carried out, today, we can enjoy a walk that surprises us by its particular geological formations of great beauty. The passage of water, which will accompany us in the course of this gorge, and the action of the wind, have shaped these spectacular geological formations for years, and their walls reach several meters in height. It consists of two separate formations whose length reaches about half a kilometer where our senses will begin to enjoy the spectacle offered by […]
At the foot of the Sierra de las Estancias and at the highest point of Urrácal is the Talavera Cross, a traditional symbol of the locality that trusts its good luck. It is a cross, formerly made of wood, each time a new one was changed so that it would continue protecting the town from the inclemencies of the weather and so on, auguring good harvests. It is currently made of wrought iron. The last years, the Talavera cross is a point more accessible to the visitor due to the signaling of emitter PR-A 371 “La Escarihuela”. You can take this path from the Plaza de Urrácal and continue until the signposting up to about 350 meters. At this point, we will leave the signage of the shipment and ascend to the Cruz de Talavera. Once there, you can see the majestic image of the cross of the mountains, the impressions that are in the Valley, the Sierra de los Filabres with its most emblematic peaks and their numbers villages.
Shoulder of lamb with the aroma of mint and almond
LAMB PIGEON TO THE AROMA OF MINT AND ALMOND Ing
Fines and Olula connected by the Greenway
Fines and Olula connected by the Greenway. Open
The entrepreneurs of the Almanzora present in Fitur 2018 a website with its tourism resources
The entrepreneurs of Valle del Almanzora have laun