As mayor of Urrácal, it is an honor for me to welcome all those who decide to discover the wonders of our town through this website.
Visiting the municipality of Urrácal is an experience steeped in centuries of history.
All these singularities constitute a surprising mixture able to offer the visitor multiple tourist possibilities, thanks to its important historical-religious legacy, to the quality of its gastronomic offer and to the wide catalog of routes and trails.
I would like this website to encourage everyone to enjoy and get to know our people, wishing them a pleasant stay that will surely make them repeat.
HISTORY AND ORIGINS
In 1504 Urrácal received the title of town for its adhesion to the conquest of the kingdom of Granada in the campaign undertaken by the Catholic Monarchs, which ended in Almería in 1489, and the rest in 1492, with the conquest of Granada. In the campaign against the Moriscos, some of those captured on the hill of Purchena were donated by Don Juan de Austria to the artillerymen of the royal army.
With an original urban organization, typical Arab for its settlement and looking in a staggered way the various elevations on which the population sits. The nerve center of the town is the Plaza de la Constitución, where the church and the old Town Hall are located. The almost 50 streets of the town are ramified by the skirts of the mountain, giving the impression of a crowded and variegated town.
In spite of its twisted and steep streets, some of difficult access, the aspect is original, unique, surprising and magical. The white of the facades, the balconies of the forge, the narrowness of the streets, the steep slopes and the majesty of the church make us think of a flourishing past. According to the Distribution Book, “… some houses, there were 129 in total, had vines in the door and sheds, of which there are some, as well as covered steps”.
If at the beginning of the century the population was of 938 inhabitants, in the year 1952 it had already descended to 710 hab .; at present the depopulation is quite pronounced, happening through the 328 inhabitants of the year 1991 and increasing to the 345 of the present time. There are about 200 buildings dedicated to single-family homes and another 20 to other uses, in addition to some farmhouses in disseminated and the Agua Amarga annex to five km. of the town, that got to have 200 inhabitants, 40 houses.
Emigration has experienced fluctuations throughout the century; if at the beginning of the fifties it was not significant, then it increased negatively, mainly towards Macael, Olula del Río, Catalonia, France and Germany, stabilizing the population in recent years. A mixed school attends to the teaching of the youngest ones, and from the second cycle of Primary they attend the classes of the Purchena School, using the school transport.
In his time of economic splendor, Urrácal stood out for the quantity of planted olive trees, the good quality cereals, the soft soap factory, which took advantage of the surpluses and turbid of the oil mills, and the “traffic of canvases and cannabis that buy raw and they whiten annually from 14 to 15 thousand varas of said fabrics “.
In more recent times came to have two printers, “The Economy” (purchased in 1925 to Francisco Galera de Tabernas by the brothers Jiménez) and “The Accuracy” (when separated from the previous company José Jiménez).
The latter has been working with numerous employees until 1985, editing printed materials for all of Spain, as well as brochures and books that can still be found in many libraries in Almeria and other provinces.
Gastronomy represents the culture of a people. It is influenced by the climate, the economy, the natural resources of the place, the seasons of the year and the religious festivities.
In Urracal you can taste a wide variety of sausages (morcillas, chorizo, salchichón). The tasty bread crumbs, the cooked black pudding, rice with rabbit and garlic tortilla.
FESTIVITIES AND TRADITIONS
Our patron San Blas (2-3 of February)
Year after year urraqueñas and urraqueños celebrate the days 2, 3 and 4 of the festivities in honor of our employer San Blas. The celebration of the Eucharist together with the procession of our patron through the streets of Urrácal, are fundamental pillars in these festivities. Saint Blaise, bishop and martyr, who, being a Christian, suffered in the days of Emperor Licinius in the city of Sebaste in Armenia (now Sivas, Turkey) (c.320), is known as protector of throat diseases. They say that he was a doctor and emphasize as virtues his humility, patience, devotion, chastity, innocence and charity; in a word, his holiness. He was elected bishop by unanimous acclamation of the local clergy and the people, according to the custom of the time. The external circumstances were extremely difficult then for the persecution of Diocletian and his successors.
It tells the story of his life that the wise and kind bishop Blas took refuge in a cave of Mount Argeo, and from there he maintained contact with his faithful sporadically, consoling them and strengthening them with their example and word. Retired in prayer and penance, he was accompanied by beasts, small and large, who received the blessing of the saint who delivered them from their evils. This is what the soldiers of the prefect Agricola found when they were kicking Mount Argeo in search of beasts for the Roman fiestas in the circus. They led Prisoner Blas through the lands and villages to Sebaste. Filled with kindness, he healed the throat of a young woman who had a bad thorn through her. He was taken to the presence of the prosecutor, judged by a blasphemer to be given the opportunity to save himself from death by the mere fact of spilling a few grains of incense in the pyre lit to the gods. As the bishop firmly resists, they beat him, hang him on a tree, and trace his body with iron grapples without making him desist from his faith. He was finally beheaded.
Summer Parties in Urrácal (Second week of August)
The Patronal Festivities serve so that the town changes completely and the people throw themselves to enjoy them with joy. On the occasion of the festivities, the population multiplies, as those who had to emigrate and the children of those former neighbors of the town come. Among the acts that are scheduled at these festivals are masses in honor of the patron saint and processions. Because the Patronal Festivities are a tradition fruit of a cultural legacy of historical-religious background. But all are not solemn acts, there is also time for popular festivals, sports activities and traditional games, which are elements that never fail.
The Burning of Judas
On the evening of Holy Saturday, the young people from Urra meet to go pick up dry weeds to prepare “the burning of Judas” on Resurrection Sunday. Cut a poplar, remove all the branches and move it to the center of the town square, where if we go any day of the year, we will see a chest, a sign that there “plant” the poplar on Saturday of Glory.
During the evening, they go “dressing” of rockets and weeds the stick. They make a doll, made with several very long sticks, which is covered with old rags, esparto and other objects, where rockets and firecrackers are placed to make it more spectacular when burned. This doll is placed in the poplar cup and represents “Judas”. At midnight, just after leaving Resurrección mass, it is tradition to go to see a small rocket fire and then encourage and / or help raise the stick. Difficult task, dangerous, attractive the more for the visitor and his villagers. Once the stick is up, applause and joy break. Afterwards, the boys make a hut around the pole, with the branches that they previously removed, and there they will remain all night guarding the stick, until on Sunday morning, after the Eucharistic celebration and the procession through the streets of the town of the Risen Christ, the young people who participate in the elaboration of the “Judas”, spend their hats for the people who wait to see the show, the person who donates the most money, is the one who takes all the firewood used for this event (! securing firewood for the coming winter!). Finally, the branches of the hut are removed and the “Judas” is burned.
ORGANIZE YOUR TRIP
WHAT TO SEE
At the foot of the Sierra de las Estancias and at the highest point of Urrácal is the Talavera Cross, a traditional symbol of the locality that trusts its good luck. It is a cross, formerly made of wood, each time a new one was changed so that it would continue protecting the town from the inclemencies of the weather and so on, auguring good harvests. It is currently made of wrought iron. The last years, the Talavera cross is a point more accessible to the visitor due to the signaling of emitter PR-A 371 “La Escarihuela”. You can take this path from the Plaza de Urrácal and continue until the signposting up to about 350 meters. At this point, we will leave the signage of the shipment and ascend to the Cruz de Talavera. Once there, you can see the majestic image of the cross of the mountains, the impressions that are in the Valley, the Sierra de los Filabres with its most emblematic peaks and their numbers villages.
The Church of Santa María is one of the most famous artistic treasures of the municipality of Urrácal. It has an irregular floor plan with a central nave and two lateral ones with six chapels dedicated to San José, image of the school of Salzillo, Las Ánimas, La Virgen del Rosario, San Antonio – Our Lady of Fátima – Santa Teersa, Our Lady of Sorrows and Our Father Jesus. The Sacred Heart of Jesus presides over the High Altar, accompanied on both sides by the images of the Risen Jesus and the Immaculate. If we look up, we find an elliptical vault that externally appears as a body of octagonal lights and inside we can see eight glass windows and a magnificent pictorial decoration. At the entrance, we distinguish the choir and the grandstand with an oval roof where his paintings stand out. And on the right, the Baptistery, with a stack of marble located in the center and a stained glass window. The parish of Santa Mría dates from the 16th century. According to the measurement method of Ventura Rodríguez, the extension of this temple is able to accommodate almost 1300 people. In its façade we appreciate a single […]
The public laundry located at the entrance of the town of C / Pilar, the main artery of the municipality, is part of the hydraulic infrastructure to use the water flow from the upper rafts (Fuente Nueva) to the Pals, water that goes directly to irrigate the huerta urraqueña. It was created in 1947, before the construction of the drinking water and sanitation network. The women used the laundry to soap and rinse clothes, today it is still used but much less than before. In addition, until a few years ago, the laundry had other uses such as, for example, in the time of slaughter, for the washing of pieces, utensils, sacks or rags of the slaughter. The clothes were rubbed on the stone and soaps were used that, being made with natural products (oil and soda) by the same washerwomen, the water that was used to wash was not contaminated and could be reused to water. Once the laundry was finished, the women transported the clothes to their homes using cubes to hang them and let the sun finish the job. Hard work, especially in winter when wet hands and cold freeze women’s hands. This hydraulic group that provided […]
One of the places that most impress those who take a walk through the Almanzora Valley in the north of Almería, is “El Estrecho” located in the municipality of Urrácal. This narrow gorge is located on the Salada ravine at the foot of the hill “El Castillico”. For decades it has not been possible to pass due to the great amount of vegetation that there was in the rambla. Formerly, with the rise of the channel, it was cleaned naturally but the construction of dams for the prevention of large floods and floods has made over the years that appear large numbers of oleanders, tarays, blackberries and false rushes that prevented the access. Thanks to the cleaning work that has been carried out, today, we can enjoy a walk that surprises us by its particular geological formations of great beauty. The passage of water, which will accompany us in the course of this gorge, and the action of the wind, have shaped these spectacular geological formations for years, and their walls reach several meters in height. It consists of two separate formations whose length reaches about half a kilometer where our senses will begin to enjoy the spectacle offered by […]
The viewpoint of Cerrá will not leave you indifferent. The view towards the bottom of the Cerrá ravine is vertigo, the views of the valley are impressive. If you move 20 meters towards the edge of the mountain you will have another incredible view of the valley, reviewing the villages with the look: Serón, Tíjola, Purchena, Suflí, Macael, Olula del Rio, Fines and Cantoria, without forgetting the Cosentino polygon, the Quarries of Macael and the Tetica de Bacares. The colors when the night falls are very special, will make this trip an unforgettable day.
What to do in Urrácal
If you are thinking of taking a different trip to discover beautiful places and charming towns that are not usually well known, a getaway to Urrácal is an excellent option. Our town has many options to make and we recommend the ones that are sure to be of your interest.
WHERE TO EAT
At Hakunamatata Bar Tapas you will find an elegant place to spend some intimate moments enjoying our food with your family and/or friends. Our slogan: “Be Happy, not because everything is good, but because you can see the good in everything”. We are at the Urracal Pool (Almería). We offer you salads, toasts, snacks, tasty meats, delicious fish and delicious desserts. Saturday nights: Dinner dance with live music. Celebration of events. Summer hours: Monday to Sunday from 12:00 to 00:00 Winter hours: Friday and Saturday from 11:00 a.m. to 5:00 p.m. and from 8:00 p.m. to midnight. Sundays from 11:00 a.m. to 5:00 p.m.
Bars in the Comarca del Almanzora (Almería). Bar La Plaza, is a typical bar of pleasant and familiar town with good treatment, good food, specialty in CONEJO AL AJILLO, homemade or custom-made meals, homemade and varied tapas by the young couple ANTONIO and ILLUMINATED with almost 30 years leading the family business and serving customers and friends as if they were family, always willing to meet the needs of our customers. Bar La Plaza – Urrácal Enterprise data Specialty RABBIT TO THE AJILLO, Daily Menu, Assorted tapas, homemade meals or on request. Typical bar of a friendly and familiar town with good treatment, good food, specialty in RABBIT WITH GARLIC, homemade meals or to order, homemade and varied tapas in charge of the young couple ANTONIO and ILUMINADA with almost 30 years running the family business and serving customers and friends as if it were family, always ready to meet the needs of our customers. We are waiting for you to share a beer, tapa, coffee, drink, mojitos… or whatever you fancy. Inside Photos
Town Hall of Urrácal
Address: Plaza de la Constitución, 1, 04879 Urrácal, Almería
Contact: 950 42 44 14