History and origin of Tíjola
Carthaginians and Romans
The Carthaginians, attracted by the mining wealth, especially the silver minerals of Sierra Almagrera and Herrerías, founded Baria (colony next to Villaricos) towards Century VI a.C.). Starting from Baria they penetrated towards the west following valley of the river Almanzora, in search of metals. In the “Muela del Ajo” they settled around the 6th century BC, there they formed a large industrial and commercial center, originated by the mining wealth of the area (copper of the Cave of the Dove and iron ore of Serón) and Of the agricultural possibilities (fertile alluviums and abundant water), lasting until a moment before the romanization. More important is the Roman presence in Tagili (Tíjola). In the surroundings of Tíjola there are remains of three Roman villas of imperial time: deposits of the “Uncle Félix”, “Churches” and “Algaida”. In 1977 a marble tablet (92 x 49 cm) was found which read: “Voconia, Avita, daughter of Quintus Fabio, with his money built a spa for his Tagilitana Republic, celebrating its inauguration with circus games and a banquet. For the care and maintenance he delivered 12,000 denarii to his Tagilitana Republic ”
In the times of Abderramán I (S. VIII), there is here the strength of “Tachola”. And in the resplendent age of Abderramán III (S. X), in this place there is a city-fortress that is called “Tájela”. Later, in the maps of the Kingdom of Granada, appears with the name of “Texora”.
When the conquest of this kingdom by Isabel I of Castile and Fernando V of Aragon (1489 to 1492), this site already is known like Tixola. It has been verified that the town does not happen to be denominated with the current toponym of Tíjola, until the year 1830.
The war of the Alpujarras
Due to the intransigence of the old Christians and the intolerance of the ecclesiastical authorities resident in Granada, the Moors decide to rise up and a transcendental fact arises in the history of Eastern Andalusia: “The War of the Alpujarras” (1568-1570).
At the end of it all new Christians were banished from the Kingdom of Granada. Therefore, in view of the situation in which the cities, towns and villages were left, Felipe II by R. Cédula of February 24, 1571, decides to confiscate the rural and urban estates that had been owned by the Moors for later distribution. This fact would be collected in the Books of Apeos and Repartimientos.
- Castillo La Cerra
- Castillo Tíjola La Vieja
Castillo La Cerra is a monument located in the Almerian town of Tíjola.
Castillo La Cerra has been inserted within the framework of protection of the heritage of the Andalusian board for its Architectural interest.
If we make a stop in Tíjola, Castillo La Cerra is one of the tourist points that we could visit
Castillo Tíjola La Vieja is one of the tourist points that we could visit
The town of Tíjola is quite interesting, If you want to know more about Castillo Tíjola La Vieja you can consult the page of the Tíjola
Tíjola Castle La Vieja is a monument located in the Almería population of Tíjola.
Castillo Tíjola La Vieja has been inserted within the framework of protection of the heritage of the Andalusian board for its Architectural interest.
The typical dishes of Tíjola are: Potatoes of Lent with cod, porridge, tortasgachas, migas, maimones, gurullos with hare or partridge, gazpacho …
Among the desserts include the butter, sighs, bufluelos, fried roscos, wine and aguardiente roscos …