History and Origin of Albox
Because of its privileged geographical position has been the passage of different cultures, of which at the present time vestiges can be found in the different archaeological sites.
Albox owes its foundation and settlement to the Arabs (its name means “the forest” in Arabic) with a history largely linked to the medieval splendor of the Kingdom of Granada since the 13th century. In the ruts of the Christian Reconquest in the fifteenth century, Albox was taken from the Arabs by the troops of the Adelantado Mayor of the Kingdom of Murcia (Corona de Castilla), Alonso Yáñez Fajardo, and later incorporated to his Marquesado de los Vélez.
Around the year 1500 a strong earthquake struck Albox destroying to a large extent the town, reason why it was necessary to demolish the old castle and with its stones the damaged houses were rebuilt.
The village albojense took an active part in the continuous and persistent Moorish uprisings, which occurred in the fifteenth century throughout the Kingdom of Granada; It would be King Felipe II who, after defeating the Moriscos, would decree his expulsion from the region and the repopulation of the town with Christians brought from Valencia and La Mancha, Albox being constituted then council or municipality in 1563, under the Command of which was its first mayor, Antón de Andrano.
Although the Barrio Alto de San Antonio – with an irregular layout of steep streets converging all in a small central square – was the original nucleus of the town of Albox, it is nevertheless the neighborhood of the Hill of San Francisco – denominated so by the Former establishment of the Franciscan Tertiary Order – that more development and expansion reaches in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries. This is due to the linkage of Albox with tragic floods, floods and earthquakes that have periodically hit this earth.
During the nineteenth century the people played a great role in the struggle against the French invaders, from which are kept news of two bloody skirmishes in the years 1810 and 1811. That was the time of greatest economic boom in Albox, thanks to its looms And the artisanal pottery industry. Its commercial tradition has made the population currently an economic center between Baza (Granada) and Lorca (Murcia).
- Iglesia Parroquial de Santa María, de estilo renacentista.
- Iglesia Parroquial de La Concepción, de construcción moderna.
- Monasterio de El Saliente, templo donde descansa la figura de la Virgen del Saliente.
- Ermita de San Antonio.
- Ermita y mirador de la Santa Cruz.
- Iglesia de Las Pocicas.
- Iglesia del Llano de Los Olleres.
- Iglesia del Llano del Espino.
- Muro de Piedra de los Marcelinos.
Culture and traditions
Feria de Todos los Santos
The origin of these festivals, held annually during the days following or after November 1, goes back to an important cattle fair, which came to occupy a position among the most important cattle fairs in Spain.
With the passage of time and the transformation of rural areas, the so-called All Saints Fair, it was losing its interest as a cattle fair in favor of the popular festival. At present, it is one of the most important fairs of the province of Almeria, within which the so-called ‘Fair of the South’ stands out. The ‘Fair of the Noon’, consists of the act of going out to eat Tapas at noon, in a festive atmosphere and that can extend until almost midnight.
Santuario de la Virgen del Saliente
In terms of monuments and cultural visits, the Santuario de El Saliente is worth mentioning. The monastery is located in the Sierra de las Estancias, being a building between the Baroque and the Neoclassical.
The building was declared an Artistic Historical Monument in 1992. One of the major attractions of his visit is the incredible panoramic view that the visitor enjoys from El Saliente, being able to see much of the province of Almería and even the sea, on sunny days And conducive to this end.
Semana Santa de Albox
The Holy Week of Albox is one of the best in the province of Almeria. In Albox there are 4 brotherhoods and one prehermandad: – Brotherhood of Ntro. Father Jesus of Nazareth, Most Holy Mary of the Redemption and Holy Sepulcher of the Lord. Procession on Holy Tuesday with the Nazarene with the towel of the Lavatory of the feet to his disciples remembering this passage. Good Friday processes Ntro. Father Jesus Nazarene carrying the Cross, Blessed Virgin of the Redemption and the Holy Sepulcher. -Order of Our Lady of Sorrows: Process on the Good Friday Afternoon with the Prayer in the Garden, Our Lady of Hope and Our Lady of Sorrows with her dead child in her lap. -Frames of Our Lady of Sorrows: procession on Fridays of Sorrows with Our Lady of Sorrows without Palio, and Holy Thursday in the afternoon with Christ of the Column, the Fallen Christ and Our Lady of Sorrows Under black palio. -Friday of Saint John: procession on the morning of Good Friday, with Saint John, the virgin of the First Sorrow and Christ Crucified. -Pre-Brotherhood of Ntro. Father Jesus of Passion and Mercy: It is a young pre-brotherhood that processes the Saturday of Passion with the mystery of the Prendimiento of Jesus.
Romería de la Virgen del Saliente
Every September 8th the religious pilgrimage takes place from the village of Albox to the Monastery of El Saliente. In this pilgrimage, declared as a Property of Cultural Interest, the night and dawn of every September 8th, hundreds of people from different parts of the Spanish geography travel, for the most part along the rambla, 18 kilometers away between the town and Monument.
The considerable presence of young people, makes the Romería is tinged with a festive atmosphere at various times, moving away from the merely religious
24 Horas de Fútbol sala de Albox
Important football tournament that is held annually the first week of August. The location and atmosphere is striking because during the so-called ’24 hours’ (because the championship is played continuously for 24 hours), traffic is cut off on one of the main roads of Albox (Plaza de San Francisco ), To turn it into a futsal field. During a period, the event was transferred to the Pavilion of Albox. The competition enjoys an important prestige in the area and is usually witnessed by most of the neighbors, arriving at certain times to be thousands of spectators who witness this variant of football. In the 2008 edition, three stages were set up in order to house the entire audience, with the crowd responding in a fantastic way, attending the final event with about 1500 people. The system of setting and assembly of stands has continued to be repeated in the editions of 2009 and 2010. However in the last edition of 2011 the determination was made not to set up tiers, thus forcing a large part of the public to remain standing, dismanding So the spectators of the meetings.